Witchy says: "These days people are only discussing terrorism and the war in Iraq, but how many wars are going on around the world now? Have you and your students ever wondered about that? Ask your students to answer this quiz about Africa and then read with them the two arrticles to find out only some of the atrocious things which have been happening in Africa during last decade".
|Witchy's instructions: The teacher prints and photocopies the text. Each student shall have a a copy.|
Last Updated: Saturday, 18 October, 2003, 11:18 GMT 12:18 UK
Danny leaned into the plane and asked if we were all strapped in. Then he paused, as if thinking about what he was going to say next.
"Folks, as we are missionaries, we always start our flights with a prayer," he said.
Then he began to pray.
He asked that we be safe on our journey. He asked, too, that his passengers might find the story they were looking for in Congo.
By now Danny would have known exactly the kind of story we would find.
He had grown up in Africa. It was his home.
Every other day he flew into north-eastern Congo. He had helped evacuate hundreds of people when the fighting erupted around Bunia in late spring and summer.
Danny knew Congo alright but he wore his faith like armour, and from his world above the clouds this missionary pilot saw a different Africa.
From up there, one could see the well tilled fields of Uganda, the silver immensity of Lake Victoria, the occasional fishing boats speckled on its surface, and then the land sloping upwards into mountains and forest and another expanse of water, Lake Albert.
An invisible line divides the lake and at half past three on a sunny afternoon we crossed into Congo.
As I said, from the vantage point of these skies, one saw a different Africa.
It was a green place, a peaceful place.
Are we sure Congo is as peaceful as it seems? Let's read what the Reuters' journalist says in this article.
1. Killing in Congo
Democratic Republic of Congo still smouldering after devastating 1998-2003 conflict known as "Africa's World War"
Seven other African countries sucked in at height of war. Millions killed
since 1998, mostly due to disease and malnutrition. Mortality estimates
vary widely, from 3 to 5 million. 2004 study by International Rescue
Committee puts toll at 3.8 million. Valuable natural resources and legacy
of genocide in
"The worst humanitarian tragedy since the Holocaust.
Five million dead, and yet the neighbouring countries have gone unpunished
drop in and out of the Congo to feed their greed. The greatest example
on the planet of man's inhumanity to man."
2. Nightmare in Uganda
Eighteen-year insurgency in the north by cult-like rebel group known as Lord's Resistance Army (LRA).30,000 children abducted by LRA and forced to serve as soldiers and sex slaves, according to United Nations. Rebels also targeting wider Acholi population, the largest group in northern Uganda, from which rebels themselves come 1.8 million people - or 90 percent of Acholiland region - driven from their homes into squalid camps. Up to 100,000 people killed since conflict began.
"One of the most incredible sights in the world
is to see every night tens of thousands of Ugandan children flooding
in from their rural
homes to spend the night in towns and cities. They are seeking safety
from being kidnapped by the LRA."
3. Sudan's deadly conflicts
In Sudan's western Darfur region, attacks on black villagers by government-backed
militia of Arab heritage have raised spectre of genocide. 70,000 killed since
March 2004 and up to 2 million displaced
In southern Sudan, Africa's longest-running civil war has created one of the world's worst humanitarian crises.
Fragile peace deal after 21-year civil conflict
2 million killed and more than 5.5 million forced from their homes. Simmering tensions in other areas such as Nuba mountains, Southern Blue Nile and Abyei risk flaring into Darfur-like conflicts
nearly 40 years of travelling the world, I have not witnessed any
crisis that so vividly combines the worst of everything - armed
acts of extreme violence, great tides of desperate refugees, hunger and
disease, combined with an unforgiving desert climate."
4. West Africa on the edge
Liberia, Ivory Coast and Sierra Leone struggling for peace after years of brutal conflict
Communities traumatised after wars that displaced hundreds of thousands,
forced child soldiers to commit atrocities and desta bilised entire region.
Almost 400,000 Liberian refugees still to return home two years after
according to U.N. refugee body.
Ivory Coast threatening to implode as pro-government forces break 2003 ceasefire
"West Africa needs a long-term effort, both
locally and from the international community, if we are not to see
a return to the carnage
of the years before."
5. AIDS out of control
Some 40 million living with HIV/AIDS worldwide, two-thirds in sub-Saharan Africa. Thirty percent of adults in southern Africa infected and 14 million children orphaned by AIDS.
Explosive growth rates in China and India, the world's two most populous countries
If prevalence rates in China, India and Indonesia climb to rates now
seen in Thailand and Cambodia, the world's HIV-positive population
"HIV/AIDS has been prominent now for over 20
years, and though the progress in the developed world has been admirable,
world is being eaten alive by this disease. We have not yet seen the
economic consequences of the perishing of generations of wage earners,
nor the psychological and spiritual damage done to millions of children
raised without parents."
I know the topic is rather disturbing but we don't want to close our eyes in front of what happens in the world, do we? So why don't we revise what we have read in these two article by answering these questions?
If you want to get deeper into Africa's facts go to
|English learning resources|